One of the first visible signs of aging is the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and creases in the skin. Wrinkles are caused by a number of factors including: genetics, lifestyle, cumulative sun exposure, and repeated facial movements (frowning, smiling, squinting), which ultimately lead to loss of collagen and elasticity in the skin. There are two types of wrinkles:
Dynamic wrinkles occur when muscles contract to form facial expressions. For example, smiling may cause wrinkles around the eye (crow’s feet), while frowning causes vertical lines between the eyebrows.
Static wrinkles are always visible regardless of muscle activity, and appear to be “etched” into the skin. They may appear in areas where repeated muscle activity has occurred, or where skin has lost collagen or been affected by gravity. Some examples of static wrinkles include: horizontal lines across the forehead, vertical lip lines, and smile lines (running along the cheek).
Left untreated, dynamic wrinkles will become static wrinkles which will deepen and become more prominent over time. Fortunately there are wrinkle treatments available that may help diminish wrinkles, restoring a more refreshed and youthful appearance. These include neuromodulators, dermal fillers, and laser treatments.